The phrase “Internetworking,” which denotes a “system of communication between networks,” is where the Internet got its name. The open sharing of information and two-way communication are made possible by the Internet. It connects a network of computers dispersed throughout the globe known as hosts that offer a variety of facilities and services to its users. It is the largest network in the world. A computer is only a tool that facilitates and channels communication; it is not the internet.
Internet connections are established via protocols, which are common rules. Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, sometimes known as TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol), is the protocol used for data transmission and communication. Among the roles of the internet are;
- Communicate via electronic mail
- Obtaining the latest information through the World Wide Web (www)
- Transferring files from the host system via File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
- Host an electronic forum through Usenet
- Using remote computer access (remote login) through Telnet
- Communicate via Internet Relay Chat (IRC)
Generally speaking, the conception of the internet began in 1957. In response to Russia’s launch of the Sputnik satellite at the time, the United States created ARPA (Advance Research Projects Agency), an organization that reports to the Department of Defense. The fundamental reason ARPA was founded was to create military technology that can compete with foreign nations in a variety of sectors, including science and technology.
Leonard Kleinrock first presented the theory of packet-switching networks (PS-networks) through ARPA in July 1961 with his article titled “Information Flow in Large Communication Nets.” Later, Paul Baran developed this theory and presented it at the ACM Symposium in Gatlinburg. Tennessee October 1967.
Additionally, the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was created in 1969. A Honeywell DDP-516 minicomputer with 12K of memory is used by the network. This network links four computers that serve as nodes: the Network Measurement Center at UCLA, the Network Information Center (NIC) at Stanford Research Institute, the University of California Santa Barbara (UCSB), and the University of Utah. These nodes serve as channels of communication between the US Department of Defense and academic military experts. Creating a communication network to protect oneself from hostile attacks and sabotage is the fundamental goal of ARPANET. It also intends to create a network that enables information sharing among researchers and scientists. Additionally, ARPANET seeks to create a mobile network that is unhindered by other parties. The Network Control Protocol serves as the foundation for the ARPANET network (NCP: Network Control Protocol).
In the year that followed, NSF established InterNIC to offer internet services in particular, including directory and database services via AT&T, registry services via Network Solutions Inc., and information services via General Atomics/CERFnet. The United Nations and the White House both had websites in 1993. Additionally, media and corporate groups started to take notice of the Internet’s capabilities. September 1993 saw the introduction of the first commercial internet connection in Japan thanks to InterCon International KK (IIKK). The IIKK-provided leased circuit was used by TWICS to launch its dial-up account service in October. The use of the internet significantly grew after the release of the Mosaics programme. It climbed by up to 997% for Gopher usage and 341,634% for WWW usage each year. The year 1994 saw the sudden development of internet usage. People began to create their own access and virtual shops began to exist on the internet. The Internet continues to grow to this day, especially WWW. Its users continue to grow to more than 50 million people. This number is estimated to exceed 200 million people in the year 2000. What about the internet?Interesting isn’t it. With the internet, our lives are made easier, that’s why we also have to choose a good and right internet provider for us, so let’s subscribe to TIME. For more information check the link here Time fibre package from Jom Apply.